Collective Bargaining | Practical Law
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Practical Law Glossary Item 4-382-3347
(Approx. 3 pages)
Negotiations between an employer and a group of employees (usually represented by a
) regarding the terms and conditions of employment, such as:
Hours of work.
Rights and responsibilities of unions.
These negotiations result in a signed contract or
collective bargaining agreement
The main bodies of law governing collective bargaining in the private sector are:
National Labor Relations Act
, which, among other things, grants private sector employees working in all industries, other than air and rail transport, the rights to bargain collectively and join unions (see
Practice Note: Labor Law: Overview
Railway Labor Act
, which provides similar rights to private sector employees in the air and rail transport industries (see
Practice Note, Railway Labor Act: Overview
Collective bargaining is also governed by:
Administrative agency regulations.
In areas where federal and state law overlap, federal law pre-empts state law.