Practical Law Glossary Item 1-501-8805 (Approx. 3 pages)
Also known as personally-identifiable information (PII) and personal data. Broadly, the term refers to information that can be used to identify, locate, or contact an individual, alone or when combined with other personal or identifying information.
Examples of personal information include an individual's:
Home or other physical address.
Social Security number.
Driver's license number.
Bank account number.
Credit or debit card number.
Personal characteristics, including photographic image, fingerprints, handwriting or other unique biometric data.
European Union data protection laws use the similar term "personal data." Under the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), personal data is any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (referred to as a data subject). An identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to identifiers like the person's:
Online identifier (like IP addresses, cookies, and radio frequency identification tags) (see Recital 30, GDPR).
Physical, physiological, mental, economic, cultural, or social identity.